Course Description


  • Design Engineers,
  • Process Engineers,
  • Manufacturing Engineers,
  • Product Development Engineers,
  • Managers,
  • Mechanical Engineers with or without experience in metallurgy,
  • Inspectors,
  • Quality Control Engineers,
  • Technicians,
  • People involved in welding, fabrication and heat treatment.



Oil & Gas, Petrochemicals, Power Plant, Renewal Energy Plant, Co-Generation Plant and all industries that are involved in fabrication, piping, boilers, pressure vessels and other pressurize equipment.



This course can be certified for the Continuing Professional Development (CPD) Program by the Board of Engineers, Malaysia (BEM).



This course covers some fundamentals of materials science, which are necessary for the understanding of materials properties for their appropriate applications. The metals are discussed for their structures, properties and applications and course is designed such that no previous background in metallurgy is necessary.



Upon completion of this course, participants will have gained an understanding of the important principals of engineering involving properties and characteristics of metals and alloys, including fabrication and heat treatment of commercial steels and non-ferrous alloys.

Participants will acquire sufficient knowledge and skills to independently evaluate possible metallurgical and design solutions, to recognize crucial metallurgical phenomena and intelligently discuss their metal problems with design engineers, metallurgists and fabricators.



At the end of the course, the delegates will be able to: –

  • Understand the basic concepts of structure, mechanical and physical properties of metals- ferrous and non-ferrous
  • Apply the basics concepts to identify the relationships between properties and structure of materials.
  • Identify the different types of heat treatments for steel and welded fabrication.
  • Choose the suitable material for appropriate engineering applications.
  • Understand the types of mechanical testing and the concept of in situ metallography (replica technique) for monitoring purpose.



  • Lecture
  • Classroom discussions
  • Case study



Module 1

Structure of metals and alloys:-

  • Nature of metallic bonding,
  • Crystal structure of metals

Module 2

Thermal equilibrium diagrams (phase diagrams):–

  • The phase rule and binary equilibrium diagrams,
  • Microstructure changes during cooling,
  • The iron-carbon (plain carbon steel) equilibrium diagram,
  • Effect of alloying elements on the Fe-C diagram,

Module 3

Basic metallurgy of carbon and alloy steels:-

  • Basic carbon steel metallurgy
  • Crystalline structures,
  • Grains,
  • Microstructures (alpha ferrite, Austenite, Delta ferrite)
  • Using the Fe-Fe3C phase diagram in practical terms,
  • Effect of alloying elements on steels

Module 4

Heat treatment of steels: –

  • Typical heat treatment processes (Annealing, Normalizing, Quenching and tempering)
  • Utilizing TTT diagram – Time temperature transformation diagram

Module 5

Case hardening of steels: –

  • Techniques used to harden the case of a metal, including carburizing, nitriding, carbonitriding; procedure for measuring case depth.

Strengthening Mechanism

  • Techniques used to harden the nonferrous metals, including age hardening, strain hardening and related metallurgical concepts for aluminum, copper, and other nonferrous metals.

Module 6

Mechanical properties and testing: – Inspection

  • Tensile test,
  • Impact test
  • Bend test
  • Hardness test
  • In Situ Metallography – Replica Technique for monitoring purpose.

Module 7

Ferrous s and nonferrous materials: –

  • Steel manufacturing and metal forming
  • Classification of Carbon steel
  • Cast Iron
  • High strength Low allow steel
  • Creep resistance steel
  • Stainless steel
  • Aluminum and its alloys,
  • Nickel and its alloys,
  • Copper and its alloys
  • Titanium

Module 8

  • Introduction to Welding Metallurgy
  • Pre – heating and Post Weld Heat treatment
  • Common damage mechanism/corrosion affecting oil and gas industries and their prevention.